In a recent interview with Vox’s Ezra Klein, journalist and author Ta-Nehisi Coatesargued that serious thinkers and writers should get off Twitter.
It wasn’t a critique of the 140-character medium or even the quality of the socialmedia discourse in the age of fake news.
It was a call to get beyond the noise.
For Coates, generating good ideas and quality work products requires something alltoo rare in modern life: quiet.
Recent studies are showing that taking time for silence restores the nervous system,helps sustain energy, and conditions our minds to be more adaptive and responsive to thecomplex environments in which so many of us now live, work, and lead. Duke MedicalSchool’s Imke Kirste recently found that silence is associated with the development of newcells in the hippocampus, the key brain region associated with learning and memory.
Physician Luciano Bernardi found that two-minutes of silence inserted between musicalpieces proved more stabilizing to cardiovascular and respiratory systems than even themusic categorized as “relaxing.” And a 2013 study in the Journal of EnvironmentalPsychology, based on a survey of 43,000 workers, concluded that the disadvantages of noiseand distraction associated with open office plans outweighed anticipated, but still unproven,benefits like increasing morale and productivity boosts from unplanned interactions.
But cultivating silence isn’t just about getting respite from the distractions of officechatter or tweets. Real sustained silence, the kind that facilitates clear and creative thinking,quiets inner chatter as well as outer.
This kind of silence is about resting the mental reflexes that habitually protect areputation or promote a point of view. It’s about taking a temporary break from one of life’
s most basic responsibilities: Having to think of what to say.
Cultivating silence, as Hal Gregersen writes in a recent HBR article, “increases yourchances of encountering novel ideas and information and discerning weak signals.” Whenwe’re constantly fixated on the verbal agenda — what to say next, what to write next,what to tweet next — it’s tough to make room for truly different perspectives or radicallynew ideas. It’s hard to drop into deeper modes of listening and attention. And it’s in thosedeeper modes of attention that truly novel ideas are found.
The world is getting louder. But silence is still accessible — it just takes commitmentand creativity to cultivate it.
41. Why did Coates say thinkers and writers should get off Twitter?
A. The 140-character medium should be criticized.
B. The social media discourse is of low quality.
C. There are too many ideas bad for them.
D. It can help them to get some quietness.
42. What is the function of paragraph 5?
A. To convince us the benefits of cultivating silence.
B. To persuade people to take time for silence.
C. To tell the relation between silence and the brain.
D. To prove there should be any open office plans.
43. According to the passage, cultivating silence ______.
A. is keeping away from the distractions of office chattingB. is to try gaining silence from both inside and outsideC. is about protecting a reputation or promoting an opinionD. is a kind of thorough rest with nothing in the mind
44. In Hal Gregersen’s opinion, why don’t new ideas come?
A. There are too many weak signals in one’s mind.
B. The verbal agenda of a person is not full enough.
C. There is no room for deeper modes of attention.
D. The attitude toward sustained quiet time isn’t right.
45. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?
A. The Busier You Are, the More You Need Quiet TimeB. It Takes Commitment and Creativity to Cultivate SilenceC. Getting off Twitter Is Helpful to Get Some Quiet TimeD. How to Achieve Novel ideas and Information